Damage to the eye muscle nerves could prevent the affected person from normal functioning of eye movement. These damaged muscle nerves normally control the eye movements, the eye lid and the pupil. Whenever a person has the respective symptoms, a visit to an oculist is necessary.
The eye is moved by three pairs of muscles and controlled by the oculomotor nerve (3rd), trochlear nerve (4th), and abducens nerve (6th) from the cranial nerves. These muscles move the eye up and down, right and left, and diagonally. Besides, the oculomotor nerve controls the eye lid and the pupil. When any of the nerves are damaged, the movements of eye will not function normally.
Causes and symptoms of damage to the eye muscle nerve can be various: 1.) Damage of 3rd cranial nerve (oculomotor nerve): An often and serious cause is an aneurysm in an artery supplying the brain. It can also be caused by brain disorders, such as a head injury, a hemorrhage, a tumor, diabetes or high blood pressure. It leads to an outward squint, a hanging eye lid (ptosis) and wide pupil with reduced response to light. 2.) Damage of 4th cranial nerve (trochlear nerve): It is most often caused by a head injury. Other causes are diabetes, tumor, aneurysm, and multiple sclerosis. It will affect normal vertical eye movements and lead to double vision. Affected patients tend to tilt their head to the healthy side in order to compensate for the paralysis and to prevent this double vision. 3.) Damage of 6th cranial nerve (abducens nerve): It is the most common one. It can be caused by head injuries, high brain pressure, tumor, multiple sclerosis, aneurysm, brain or eye infections, bleeding within the brain, vasculitis and hypertension. It will prevent the eye from turning outward.
Treatment of eye muscle nerve damages differs depending on the situation. Normally an oculist will use neurologic examination and computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or other examination to clarify what the causes are and which part of nerve is damaged, and then decide on the proper treatment. If necessary, a surgery could also be considered.
Several years of work in academia, medical practice and finally commercialization make it possible to provide an end-to-end process to help users to “find the appropriate medical help based on their present symptoms”. Below you will find a short explanation, showing you which part of the platform will help you best in finding the appropriate medical support.
Proceed as follows to enter your current symptoms.
Click on the appropriate body part on the picture. Select one/multiple symptoms corresponding to your complaint.
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Online bookable doctors in your area will be indicated with the notation “Book appointment” or “Book externally”, additionally they will be displayed on top of the list for your convenience.
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