Hyperparathyroidism describes a condition in which there is too much parathyroid hormone produced by the parathyroid glands. The causes of hyperparathyroidism are various. It is recommended to visit a doctor to clarify the cause and accept a proper treatment.
The parathyroid glands are four small pea-shaped glands located on the boarders of the thyroid gland in the neck. They mainly produce the parathyroid hormone. The function of the parathyroid hormone includes the control of the level of calcium, phosphorus and vitamin D in the blood and bones. Hyperparathyroidism occurs when there is too much parathyroid hormone produced, which results in high level of calcium in the blood.
Hyperparathyroidism can be classified in three different types according to its cause. 1) primary hyperparathyroidism: It is caused by an hyperplasia (abnormal mass) or a tumor in the parathyroid gland that produces parathyroid hormones autonomically. Women and people with family history will have higher risks of getting this problem. 2.) secondary hyperparathyroidism: It is the result of other medical conditions such as kidney failure, disorders of liver or gut function, vitamin D deficiency and rickets. 3) tertiary hyperparathyroidism: it develops after years of a secondary hyperparathyroidism. The intake of lithium, a common medication for psychiatric disorders, can have a side effect that looks similar to a primary hyperparathyroidism. People with hyperparathyroidism usually have symptoms like pain in bones, vulnerability for fractures, increased amount of urine, kidney and bladder stones, fatigue and loss of appetite.
Treatments of hyperparathyroidism will depend on the causes. The high blood level of calcium and parathyroid hormone can be adjusted by low calcium and low phosphate diet and with medications such as calcitriol and cinacalcet. Drinking enough water can prevent the development of kidney stones. The degradation of bone mass can be reduced with medications like bisphosphonates and, for women, estrogen-like substances. Besides, regular exercise can strengthen the bones. When the hyperparathyroidism is caused by a medical condition, then the treatment is aimed at treating the underlying disease. In case of hyperplasia or a benign tumor, surgery will be foreseen. If the hyperparathyroidism is caused by cancer, chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be necessary.
Several years of work in academia, medical practice and finally commercialization make it possible to provide an end-to-end process to help users to “find the appropriate medical help based on their present symptoms”. Below you will find a short explanation, showing you which part of the platform will help you best in finding the appropriate medical support.
Proceed as follows to enter your current symptoms.
Click on the appropriate body part on the picture. Select one/multiple symptoms corresponding to your complaint.
You can also add symptoms by typing your medical complaint in the search box and selecting the best matching suggestion.
Note: Your information will be kept anonymously.
Once you have selected all applicable symptoms, click the “analyze disease pattern”-button.
Accordingly, you will get a list of possible diseases and matching doctor categories who can further help you.
You can inform yourself about the possible diseases by reading the related information. But you can also return to the previous step and add more symptoms or delete already added ones to further narrow down your disease pattern.
Click on the desired doctor category to find a doctor who can help you.
If you are logged in with your profile, you will be displayed the appropriate doctors in your area. Otherwise you can enter an address in the “address” field and you will be displayed a doctor’s list around that specified address.
You will receive further information about the displayed doctors when you press on “details”.
Online bookable doctors in your area will be indicated with the notation “Book appointment” or “Book externally”, additionally they will be displayed on top of the list for your convenience.
Click on “Book appointment” to start the online appointment booking process with the desired doctor.
Please select an available appointment. “Green“ appointments are booked directly. “Red“ appointments need to be confirmed by the doctor.
Enter your general personal and health information.
Enter your present medical symptoms.
Enter your mobile phone number to identify yourself and you can finalize the appointment booking.
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