Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) describes painful bumping (impingement) of the femoral head and the acetabulum. It is the result of an abnormal shape of the femoral head, the acetabulum or both. It can cause pain and complicate hip movements. The treatment includes conservative and surgical therapies.
Hip entrapment occurs when the acetabulum and femoral head rub against each other abnormally. Damage to the articular cartilage or labrum and limited range of motion can be the result.
The primary cause of femoroacetabular impingement is an abnormal shape of the femoral head or acetabulum. It is commonly classified into 3 forms including 1) cam impingement: this is a deformity of the ball-like shape of the femoral head. If the head is not shaped normally, the abnormal part of the head may jam in the socket (acetabulum) when the hip is bent, 2) pincer impingement: This is a deformity of the acetabulum. If the front rim of the acetabulum protrudes too far, the neck of the femur may collide with the rim of the acetabulum during normal hip movement, 3) mixed impingement: this is a deformity resulting in a combination of cam and pincer impingement. People with FAI may have symptoms such as pain in the groin or gluteal area. The symptoms can typically be triggered by climbing stairs, walking uphill and sitting for longer time. Commonly affected are children and adults who do a lot of sports.
The treatment of FAI may include either conservative or surgical treatment. Conservative treatments include 1) activity changes: avoiding activities that cause symptoms, 2) non-steroid anti-inflammation medication: they reduce the inflammation and pain, 3) physical therapy: this may help relieve stress on the injured labrum or cartilage. If the symptoms cannot be relieved by nonsurgical treatment, early surgical treatment should be considered. Especially in cases with minor deformations, surgery can be done minimally invasive with arthroscopy.
Several years of work in academia, medical practice and finally commercialization make it possible to provide an end-to-end process to help users to “find the appropriate medical help based on their present symptoms”. Below you will find a short explanation, showing you which part of the platform will help you best in finding the appropriate medical support.
Proceed as follows to enter your current symptoms.
Click on the appropriate body part on the picture. Select one/multiple symptoms corresponding to your complaint.
You can also add symptoms by typing your medical complaint in the search box and selecting the best matching suggestion.
Note: Your information will be kept anonymously.
Once you have selected all applicable symptoms, click the “analyze disease pattern”-button.
Accordingly, you will get a list of possible diseases and matching doctor categories who can further help you.
You can inform yourself about the possible diseases by reading the related information. But you can also return to the previous step and add more symptoms or delete already added ones to further narrow down your disease pattern.
Click on the desired doctor category to find a doctor who can help you.
If you are logged in with your profile, you will be displayed the appropriate doctors in your area. Otherwise you can enter an address in the “address” field and you will be displayed a doctor’s list around that specified address.
You will receive further information about the displayed doctors when you press on “details”.
Online bookable doctors in your area will be indicated with the notation “Book appointment” or “Book externally”, additionally they will be displayed on top of the list for your convenience.
Click on “Book appointment” to start the online appointment booking process with the desired doctor.
Please select an available appointment. “Green“ appointments are booked directly. “Red“ appointments need to be confirmed by the doctor.
Enter your general personal and health information.
Enter your present medical symptoms.
Enter your mobile phone number to identify yourself and you can finalize the appointment booking.
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